rr; <: > <i '-0 r /' / Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2013 http://archive.org/details/civilwarmeninranlinc_5 Civil War Men in Ranks Last Surviving Veterans Excerpts from newspapers and other sources From the files of the Lincoln Financial Foundation Collection -jt. xco'\. :. y~f2.7^ SHINING EXAMPLE OF GOOD PICTURE "Did I know Lincoln? Why, say . ." An alert amateur photographer won a $100 prize in last year's contest with this shot of a grizzled veteran recalling the days of long ago. The third week of the $10,000 Evening Ledger Ama- teur Snapshot Contest begins today. Get your share of the fun and 125 cash prizes :he )iy en ^es de er, P- is- in, ist of nd 3t. )r- ite k- its ies ;d. ed 'IS •r- Only 19 Survive Of Four Million Civil War Vets Picture Story on Page S By Associated Press These are the old .soldiers of the old war. Once there were 4,000.000 ot I hem. Last year there were 4.1. Last March there were 26. Now there are only 19 — a .ihrinkinp bridgehead in time. They .sit on I heir porche.s, smoke their pipe.i. nod drowsily to report- ers who every year around thi.s lime come out to the old soldiers' home or cabin up the road for a Memorial Day .story. Dutifully, the old .soldiers give their annual advice on longevity. Patiently, they make the long .jour- ney back, 'n memory to Sh.Uoh. Get- tysburg. Vicksbiirg— to the last time Americans fought Americans. Every year they rem.'iiiber a little less of the Civil War. E\ery year there are fewer of them to remember. Now, 86 years after ;\ppomaUox there are 12 Confederate and seven Union veterans left. The ranks of the known livins Confederate veterans were reduced Friday by the death of John Ajthur Marcum at his farm home near Danville, Ark, Marcum, at the age of U, was drawn into the Cunfedcrate Army when a Southern scout picked him up as a guide near Clncka- niauga, Ga., in Seiitember, 186.'i. A short time later he was sent to Gen. Robert E, Lee's Headquarters Com- pany, given a mu.sket and sent into battle. The living survivors are: Confederate Thomas Evans Riddle, 105, Texas Confederate Home for Men, Austin. Spends time playing dominoes with attendant, listening to war news on the radio or taking a slow walk around the yard, using a cane. A private in the 12th Tennes.see Infantry, Riddle fought under Lee at Gettysburg. Made an honorary Texas colonel 89 years later, along with State's two other surviving Confederate veterans. "People still argue about Gettys- burg," Riddle says. "Some say as many as 2000 were killed. But I know how many were killed. Thir- teen, that'.s,all. I was there and we buried every one of them right there in the field." Walter W. Williams, 103. Franklin, Tex. Blind, almost totally deaf, rare- ly leaves front porch. Lives with 77-year-old .second wife, Ella Mae, Continued on Page 5, Column 1 /9S/ Only 19 Livil W ar V eter ans survi ve Continued From First Taje en isolated farm quarter mile away from nearest neighbors. Williams served in Hood's Cavalry Brigade as forage master, or chief of food scrounging department, in Mis- sissippi. Death of first wife left him with seven children, three survivin'^. Second marriage in 1895 brought him 12 children, nine .still alive. Joseph Harien (Uncle Hade) Whit- Bctl, 103, Bonham, Te.x. Blind, almost deaf and bedfast. Up till three years RRO enjoyed a noisy, knee-slapping round of checkers. Served 13 months in Shelby's Es- cort, Missouri Cavalry, but ne\er fir"d a shot. John Sailing. 104, Slant, Va. Lives with daughter in mountain cabin. Teeth gone but not sense of humor. Helps tend livestock. Daughter re- ports: "Course, he still likes a pretty girl. You ought to see the shines he cuts when he sees one coming up the road. When he gets a spoonful of likker in im, he's equal to a Holston preacher. He can preach a ser- mon then." Sailing never got a Confederate uniform but when the boys in gray came through Scott county, he join- ed them for a year. His job was digging saltpetre for gunpowder. Never out of Stale except lor loth Gettysburg anniversary. William D. Town.send, 105, OHa Jja. Walks without cane, smokes bat- tered pipe continuously. Ran away from home at 12, served with Con- federates at Vick.sburg, where he was .slightly wounded. Married his fourth wife 11 years ago. She's only 60 now. John Greene Cliisuni, 103, Fort giUith, Ark. Lives with wife in aban- doned house at old CCC camp. Join- ed General Price's troops bivouacked near Newport, Ark., but memory of war IS hazy. Suffered a stroke two years ago. Reports his outfit still had plenty of fight left when war ended. "My Uncle Tom Chi.sum," he recalls, "kill- ed three men with a board the day we surrendered." William W. Loudermilk, 103, Jonesboro, Ark. At 1.6, he says, he joined Hood's Cavalry as waterboy, was promoted to sharpshooter, fought at Chattanooga, Nashville, Marietta and near Atlanta. He never has been able to prove his service record, although he cov- ered 1000 miles traveling through South trying. P. R. Crump, 103, Lincoln, Ala. Lives with grandson. Joined Con- f derates late in war. Recalls see- ing Lee ride away to surrender to Grant at Appomattox in 1863. Sight and hearing now failing. Has been a deacon of the Refugee Bap- tist Church for 73 years. Willia-ifl Joshua Bush, 105, Pitz- gernlc), Ga. Served with Company B, 14th Oieorgia Regiment. Bush's Wifft, many years his junior Uhey were married when he was 76 1, teaches at a nearby school. Bush is all-out Democrat with keen interest in public affairs. Arnold Murray, 104, Orangeburg, S. C. I;ives in cabin with son on farm several miles out of town. "I volunteered when I was a youngster. They sent me to Sulli- van's Island, near Charleston. I was only a trainee and the war ended before I could ever get into the fight." William A. Lundy, 103, Laurel Hill, Fla. Enlisted at 16 in Coffee county, Ala., Home Guards. He's still active enough to travel to family reunions. George Washington Keith, 102, Graceville, Fla. Enlisted in home ■^uard company in Florida in 1833. Remembers he wasn't captured or wounded. Union James A. Hard, Roche.ster, N. Y. Oldest of all the Civil War veterans, he'll be 110 on July 15. Physical powers failing but mind still active. Amazed doctors by surviving three attacks of pneumonia at 107. Still smokes cigars. Took along 20 boxes when he flew to Indianapolis in 1949 for the last national encamj)- ment of the Grand Army of the Re- public. Hard enlisted four days after Port Sumter was attacked, served in 37th New York Volunteer Infantry. Voted straight Republican ever since Lin- coln. Douglas T. Story, 106, Los An- geles. At 16, ran away from home three times to join Union Army. "Just had to defend St. Louis from ole Gen. Joe Shelby," he says. His father let the third enlistment stick. Story fought through war as priv- ate, i3Sth Illinois Infantry. Later, he worked as musician and enter- tainer aboard Mississippi River show boats, as a clock repairman and ni real estate. William Allen Magee, 104, Van Nuys, Calif. Joined up as drummer boy at 13, recalls sounding reveille for Sherman's troops on sweep through Georgia. Stayed in Army 34 years. Fought Indians in Da- kotas. Retired as master sergeant and has since lived on pension. On longevity: "Never had a drink in my life but 1 .^moke 10 cigars a day." Jo.-eph riovesp, about 1G7, Pontiac. Mi:;h. In veterans hospical. Is the only surviving Negro soldier. Uncer- tain of exact birthdate. Escaped from plantation at St. Bernard Pari.'-h, La., to join Union Army dur- ing siege of Vicksburg. After v.'ar, worked on Mississippi boats and recalls he helped string one of the first telegraph lines be- tween New Orleans and Biloxi, Miss. Came north in 1948. Lansing: A. AVilcox, 105, King, Wis. Lives at GAR home. Broke rib in fall last year but recovered in time to be on his feet for his birthday last March. Recalls he served three years as corporal in 4tli Wiscon.sin Cavalry. Wilcox is a past national vice com- mander of the GAR . Aliicrt Woolson, liM. Diiluth. Na- tive of Watertown, N. Y. Enlisted as drummer boy. Minnesota Artillery in 18G4. Recalls serving in Nashville- Atlanta campaigns. A past national senior vice commander of GAR. Israel Aaron Broadsword, 104 Samuels, Idaho. Still walks without a cane and cuts firewood with a buck saw. A nstive of Putnam county. O., he joined Slst Missouri Volunteer Infantry at 16 and fought at Lexing- ton, Mo. Later fought tlie Sioux, battled grasshoppers and the drought on a ICansa.5 homestead and moved to Idaho in 1929. In 1947 was awarded a sei'vice medal for the Civil War — 82 years after his discharge. June Fete at Elkins Estate To Aid Abingion Hospital Horse and dog shows will be the center of attraction at the 38th an- nual June Fete to be presented Sat- urday under 50,000 square feet of tents at "Justa Farm," the Hunt- ingdon Valley estate of Mr. and Mrs. George W. Elkins. AccoKling to Mrs. John Giibbel, 2d, of Huntingdon Valley, general chairman, the day-long Fete will offer a carnival-like Village Pair, a fashion show and tea and a chil- dren's playground. The Pete will close with dancing at night. ONE OF LARGEST The Pete, one of the largest one- day charity events in the Philadel- phia area, will benefit Abington Memorial Hospital. Last year'.^ Fete reali^'.ed .So9,578, Mrs, Gribbel said. The dog and horse ehowa will i start simultaneously at 10 A. M.. The dog show will be sponsored by I he Huntingdon Valley Kennel Club and some 750 entries will vie for trophies and ribbons. The V/idener and Arthur L. Challenge Trophies will be at stake in the 20 classes of horsemanship. MAGICIANS, PONY RIDES Tent-covered booths will line the midway at the Village Fair, Gifts and flowers will be offered for sale and clairvoyants will tell fortunes. Magicians, a carousel, puppet show, calliope and pony rides will provide entertainment for children on the playground. The tea and fashion show will be presented between 3 P. M. and 5 P. M Dr-igner fafhlons will be of- fered Liy Gimbels' 5th Avenue Shop. U '. 1^^- VJV UNDAY MORNING, MAY 27, 1951 ace A 5 WILLIAM A. LUNDY (Conjederate) ARNOLD MURRAY (Conjederate) GEORGE W. KEITH (Confederc! < DOUGLAS T. STORY (Union) vivora. He died at his farm home near Danville, Aik. The olde.st of the remaininj; 19 is James A. Hard, of R' ch- aster, N .¥., who will be 1 10 on July 15. Death is making rapid inroads or, . se men who fought in the Blue or Giey. Last year re was 4.'5. Last March there were 26. And now the . ks have thinned down to 19. THE PHILADELPHIA -INQUIRER. S WM. L. LOUDEKMILK (Confederate) JOSEPH H. VVHITSEIT (Confederate) JOHN A. MAKCSjM (Contederate) WALTER W. WILLIAMS (Confederate) Nineteen old soldiers, all of them past the century mark, are all that remain alive today of the 4,000,000 men who fought in SURVIVORS the historic battles of the Civil War. The thinning ranks were further depleted with the death Friday of John Arthur Marcum, who, at 97, was the "baby" of the sur- 7 Old Merif On Lincoln^s Birthday, Recall the War That Ended Slavery By The Associated Press Seven Civil War veterans, a few of them "spry" despite their 100- plus years, today proudly showed their colors — five Confederate and two Union Blue — on Abra- ham Lincoln's birthday. Sole soldier survivals of the War between the States, the aged gentlemen still delight kids and adults alike with their recitals of "I was there" anecdotes about epic battles otherwise consigned to the history books. The oldest of the dwindling group is 110-year-old Walter L. Williams, who lives near Frank- lin, Tex. WUliams was a for- age master with Hood's Bri- gade. The Confederate veteran resides with his wife and one of his sons on a small farm. Frail but still quite active, Williams collects jewelry as a hobby and yearns to see television. • • • ALBERT WOOLSON, 106 years old yesterday, joined the Union Army as a drummer boy. He still tells the story of how he be- came top drummer of his company of the Minnesota Artillery — back in 1864 — by "knocking the block off" another drummer. Woolson lives with his son-in- law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. John Kobus, in Duluth, Minn. The daughter says her father needs no special diet and rarely is visited by a physician. Says Woolson:. "It would be better for me if I had to work. 1 sit here too much, I guess." He's up every morning at 6:30 and shaves himself with a safety razor. • • • THE ONLY OTHER surviving Union Army veteran is James A. Hard of Rochester. Hard was re- ported "not feeling well" today. But 105-year-old William (Uncle Bill) Lundy, Florida's last surviv- ing Confederate veteran, was go- ing out for his usual daily walk on the holiday. - Lundy enjoys "good health, good color, and good eyesight." He re- sides in Laurel Hill, Fla., and has this to say about present rela- tions between the North and South: "We have fought side by side, Yankees and Southerners, in war since that time, and the bravery of both has written golden pages of gallantry in our history books ... I was glad when the (Ci^il) War ended." No holiday word was received from Confederate Veteran John Sailing, 105, '^ho served with the Virginia Infantry and now resides in Slant, Va. SHOVELS AT 106— Yesterday was 106th birthday of Albert Woolson, one of last two sur- viving Union Army veterans. Because it snowed in Duluth, Minn., Woolson was out, shovel in hand, to clean walk in anticipation of birthday calls. VALENTINE FOR VETERAN —Thomas E. Riddle, also 106, Confederate veteran of Austin, Tex., is "eligible bachelor" late in life. Riddle, who has suit pending against estate of late Samuel Riddle, has received 16 proposals. (AP Wirephotos. THOMAS EVANS RmDLE, 106, put on his Confederate tie for a Lincoln's birthday picture. In the Confederate Home for Men in Austin, Tex., Riddle is deaf and cannot read — but he still plays a lot of dominoes. Harking back to his Civil War days. Riddle said: "Five times I thought my life was not worth a minute. Snipers were shooting at me from the tops of trees. I didn't know I was hit. "But my general says to me, fThomas, you're full of bullets.' And I looked, and had been shot Jive times in my side." Riddle figured in non-holiday "ews this week, vnth reports that several women had written pro-| posals of marriage since his suit claiming a share in the estate of the late Samuel D. Riddle. The Confederate veteran claims he is a half-brother of the deceased Riddle. • • • Wn^LIAM TOWNSEND, who will be 107 on Apr. 12, was re- ported in "pretty good" condition by his wife, whom he married 13 years ago. She is the fourth Mrs. Townsend. They live at Gila, La. The records show that Town- send enlisted in Company B, 27th Louisiana Infantry, on Sept. 8, 1861. He was wounded during the siege of Vicksburg and was cap- turSd when the Confederate stronghold fell on July 4, 1863. Townsend spends most of his time sitting on the porch, and likes to listen to hymn-singing and preaching on the radio. ' 7 Civil War Veterans Show Colors, on Lincoln's Birthday 5 p2 The Blue By The Associated Presi Seven Civil War veterans, a few of them "spry" despite their 100-plus years, today proudly showed their colors — five Con- federate gray and two Union blue —on Abraham Lincoln's birth- day. Almost the only soldier sur- vivals of the War Between the States, the aged gentlemen still delight children and adults with their recitals of "I was there" anecdotes about epic battles. The second oldest of the dwindling group is 110-year-old Walter L. Williams who lives near Franklin, Tex. Williams was a forage master with Hood's Brigade. The Confederate veteran resides with his wife and one of his sons on a small farm. Frail but still quite active, Williams collects costume jewelry as a hobby and yearns to see tele- vision. Albert Woolson, 106 years old yesterday, joined the Union Army as a drummer boy. He still tells the story of how he became top drummer of his company of Minnesota artillery — back in 1864 — by "knocking the block off" another drummer. Woolson lives with his son-in- law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. John Kobus, in Duluth. The daughter says her father needs no special diet and rarely is visited by a physician. He's up every morning at 6:30 and shaves himself with a safety razor. New Yorker Ailing The only other surviving Union veteran is James A. Hard, 111, of Rochester, N. Y. Hard is re- ported "not feeling well." But 105-year-old William "Uncle Bill" Lundy, Florida's last surviving Confederate vet- eran, was going out for his usual daily walk on the holiday. Lundy enjoys "good health" good color and good eyesight." He resides in Laurel Hill and has this to say about present rela- tions between the North and South: "We haTe fought side by side, Yankees and Southerners, in war since that time, and the bravery of both has written golden pages of gallantry in our history books. ... I was glad when the (Civil) War ended." No holiday word was received from Confederate veteran John Sailing, 105, who served with a Virginia infantry regiment and now resides in Slant, Va. "Full of Bullets" Thomas Evans Riddle, 106, put on his Confederate flag tie for a Lincoln's birthday picture. In the Confederate Home for Men in Austin, Texas, Riddle is deaf and cannot read — but he still plays a lot of dominoes. "But my general says to me, 'Thomas, you're full of bullets.' and I looked, and had been shot five times in my side." i William Townsend, who will j be 107 April 12, was reported in i "pretty good" condition by his ^ wife, whom he married 13 years ago. She is the fourth Mrs. Town- send. They live at 011a, La. Townsend still was an "un-re- constructed rebel" in 1938 when he applied for a Confederate pen- sion. At that time he said: "I do not remember whether I took an oath of allegiance to the U.S. Government, but I do not think I did. If I did, it was under du- ress and while wounded." JOHN SALLING Of Slant, Va.; Now 105 WILLIAM LUNDY Of Laurel Hill, Fla.; Now 105 WILLIAM TOWNSEND Of 011a, La.; Nearlng 107 ALBERT WOOLSON Duluth; Ex-Union Drummer Boy 106 WALTER W. WILLIAMS Franklin, Tex.; Confed. Vet 110 JA/JES A. HASI 111, Unwell at Rochester, N. Y. With Malice Toward None yr ABOVE— Albert Wool- son, 107, last survivor of the Union Army. LEFT — John Sailing, 106, Confederate veteran. KIGHT— William Allen Limdy, 103, another Con- federate veteran, who joined with Woolson and Sailing in writing a foot- note to the Civil Wat 89 years after Appomattox — and on the birthday of Abraham Lincoln. li^^:,;;^.f^-^-/^ A Tribute to Lincoln's Memory on His Birthday CjlKJ^sij- <■<■' V'^'--'t'\ n.c^ Last Boy in Blue Wipes Out Old Hatreds of Civil War DULUTH, Minn.— (IP)— The hatred and animosities of four years of the Civil War were erased for all time Friday as the last survivor of the Union Army paid his respects to his old adversaries in gray and their lost cause. Two of the last four living Confederates, in return, sent him hearty congratulations on his 107th birthday. The Union veteran, Albert Woolson of Duluth, sent greetings to the Southern veterans as he was sur- rounded by weU-wishers on his birthday. "I wish you could be here to join me," the former drum- mer boy said. "God , bless you." (In Washington, the sons of Civil War veterans also buried the hatchet. For the first time, the Sons of Con- federate Veterans joined the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, their Yankee counter- part, in laying wreaths at the Lincoln Memorial. (Gen. Ulysses S. Grant III was there, and so was Presi- dent Eisenhower who also laid a wreath. Mr. Eisen- hower's ancestors fought with the Yankees.) * « • t ONE OF the surviving Con- federate veterans, Walter Wil- liams, Franklin, Tex., who is 111, had this to say about the good wishes of the Union man ' in Duluth: "It was tough going then and they treated us terrible. But that is all in the past, and I think we should bury the hatchet and not think about it anymore. Williams said he felt fine. "If I always feel like I do I today I won't never die," he j said. * * * ANOTHER surviving Con- federate veteran, 107-year-old Thomas Evans Riddle, was too sick to reply. But William Allen Lundy, 105, of Laurel Hill, Fla., said, "Sincerest congratula- tions and best wishes to Yan- kee Woolson on his 107th birthday. "I hope he will celebrate many more. Tell Woolson to take care of himself." Confederate veteran John Sailing, 106, of Slant, Va., said, "I'm looking forward to seeing him again and to shak- ing his hand once more." * if * SALLING, bed-ridden with a broken hip suffered last August, said he thought of Woolson when he looked at his picture on his bedroom wall. If they are both still alive. Sailing said he hoped the Yankee could visit him in Virgiriia this spring. Williams, who lives in a rural area, said recently he was wiUing to "let bygones be bygones." "War," he said, "never seems to settle anything." Woolson's daughter said her sprightly father never harbored any ill feeUng toward his old enemies. PAGE 20 • JANUARY 16, 1983 • PARADE MAGAZINE J A N UARY 16, 1983 Si^nifica By Irving Wallace, David Wallechinsky and Amy Wallace Defenders of the Union, 1865: The Union is still paying 43 widows Caissons Stop, But Pensions Go Rolling Along Old soldiers may die , but their dependents don't necessari- ly fade away. In fact, widows of Civil War veterans are still receiving pension checks from the Veterans Administration. At this writing, there are 43 Civil War widows , each collecting a month- ly benefit of about $70. The 14 Con- federate ladies have received bene- fits only since 1958, when Congress forgivingly declared them eligible. The Civil War ended in 1865. Be- tween 1890, when the pension pro- gram was inaugurated, and 1905, when a cutoff was declared on eligi- bility, many teenaged girls married aging Union vets to take advantage of the pension. The average age of the 43 surviving widows is 90. The VA also is still paying out pensions to widows from the Indian wars, the Spanish- American War, and even the Boxer Rebellion and the Philippine Insurrection. In some instances, the costs of these benefits has surpassed the cost of the war in which they were earned.